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Options for Treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, refers to a long-term disorder that causes recurring discomfort or pain in the tummy and irregular bowel habits. It may develop any time, but most people experience their first symptoms at 15-40 years of age. IBS affects more women than men and women get more severe symptoms. IBS treatment Although there’s no cure for IBS, your physician may treat your symptoms with a mix of diet, medicines, psychological therapies, and probiotics. You might have to try several treatments in order to find one that’s best suited to you. Your physician can help you select the best treatment plan.
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Changes in nutrition, eating and diet
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Eating, nutrition and diet changes, like going for the FODMAP diet, may improve your symptoms. Medication Your doctor may suggest medication to alleviate your symptoms Fiber supplements can alleviate constipation when consuming more fiber doesn’t work. Laxatives can treat constipation. Since laxatives work in many different ways, your physician may suggest the best laxative for you. Loperamide can improve diarrhea symptoms by slowing stool movement through the large intestine. While loperamide can alleviate diarrhea in people suffering from IBS, it doesn’t ease pain, bloating, and other symptoms. Antispasmodics, like cimetropium, hyoscine, and pinaverium help ease pain in the tummy and colon muscle spasms. Antidepressants, like small doses of selective serotonin inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants can relieve symptoms of IBS, including abdominal pain. Lubiprostone (Amitiza) for those with IBS-C can ease constipation symptoms and abdominal discomfort or pain. Capsules of coated peppermint oil can ease IBS symptoms. Always follow your physician’s instructions when using medication to treat irritable bowel syndrome. Also speak with the physician about the side effects that can occur, and what steps to take in case you experience them. Probiotics Your doctor can also suggest probiotics, which are tiny live organisms or microorganisms that may only be visible through the microscope. These tiny organisms, in most cases bacteria, are like those normally seen in your digestive tract. Studies have revealed that consuming sufficient amounts of probiotics, particularly bifidobacteria and some probiotic combinations may alleviate IBS symptoms. Mental therapies Stress, depression, and anxiety may trigger IBS symptoms, so managing these issues may help. There are some mental therapies that may be applied in treating IBS. CBT, or cognitive behavioral therapy, involves determining and handling negative thought patterns by developing other methods of acting and thinking. In hypnotherapy, the therapist guides the patient to get into a relaxed mode and relax their tummy muscles to relieve bloating and pain. Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms. Meditation or relaxation therapy may help ease stress. Be sure to talk to your physician so they can find you the right treatment for IBS.